Balmain is a renowned French haute couture brand founded by Pierre Balmain. Born in 1914, Pierre grew up around fashion due to his family's businesses. Although he initially attended École des Beaux-Arts for architecture, he was drawn to dress designing. He worked for Robert Piquet and Edward Molyneux before serving in the French military. Post-war, he worked at Lucien Lelong, met influential designer Christian Dior, and eventually established his own brand. He launched his debut collection in 1945 and introduced his first fragrance in 1949.